Learn Basic Car Maintenance

It’s amazing how many people get taken for a ride (ha ha) just by taking their car in for a basic service. A lot of people over think the modern technology of their car and believe everything the repair shop tells them. Modern cars really require way less maintenance, even though the basic concept is the same.

With all this power and amenities, most people forget or never knew that it is the same basic internal combustion engine used over a hundred years ago. And, electric and hybrid cars require even less maintenance than conventional automobiles! Learning basic maintenance about your vehicle can save you thousands of dollars over time and minimize potential breakdowns.

The three thousand mile oil change is a thing of past. If you’re still changing your car’s oil every three thousand miles, you’re wasting your money. You need to know what type of oil your car requires and the capacity. You need to know where the oil filter is located. Cheap oil filters will damage your car over time because they can take up to nine seconds longer to achieve maximum flow at startup. If you use one of those quick lube shops, make sure you know what type of oil they will use to refill the crankcase. Make sure you check the level on the dipstick before you leave the shop. Earlier I mentioned that you need to know where the oil filter is located, here’s why, some shops will not change the filter, but will charge you for one, if you mark the old one before you take the car for servicing, you’ll be able to verify that it has been replaced. Most of these shops lose money on the $29.99 oil change. A good quart of oil will set you back about five dollars, so if your car requires five, that’s twenty- five dollars, add the oil filter and you’re over the thirty dollar mark.

Now pay close attention. This is where you need to be up to date on your car’s maintenance schedule. The $29.99 oil change is a lure, it’s to bait you in and then double or triple charge you for a filter or drive belt or some other regular maintenance item you didn’t keep up with. We’re not trying to make everyone weekend mechanics, we just want car owners to read the owner’s manual so they’ll have an idea of what maintenance has to be done at the recommended mileage intervals. With that said, you tell me if it makes sense to take your new car in for the fifteen thousand mile service and be charged $400 to $600? What did they do to a car with only fifteen thousand miles besides change the oil?

You need to learn what maintenance items to consent to and what to say no to and still be assured your car is in optimum operating condition. A great benefit in learning how to properly maintain your car is also learning how to diagnose potential repair issues.

Pedestrianization – Basic Concepts and Benefits

A massive following has been gained by pedestrianization from all over the world. It has become a noteworthy phenomenon in the continents of Europe, North and South America, Asia, Australia, and even Africa.

Established upon a basic concept that dates back to the Greek agora, it has attained unequivocal acceptance in countries like the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Hong Kong, Philippines, Japan, Denmark, Germany, and even Morocco. Many European towns and cities have gone to the extent declaring their city centers as pedestrianized– where motor vehicles are off-limits and mobility is possible only through walking or (if allowed) motor-less biking.

Formally defined in the context of the removal of car traffic within urban thoroughfares by means of local policies such as street closures and similar restrictions, it has been hailed by environmentalists as an excellent strategy which fits well in terms of the good it does to the city and its occupants.

The following cite and briefly explain how the elimination of cars from streets can benefit an urban area and its users:

1. Pedestrian safety is attained due to the absence of motor vehicles which remain the major source of human injuries in city streets. With the cars gone, the roadways become solely dedicated to people, where they can safely move around and mingle with one another.

2. Human mobility is possible even without dependence on fossil-fuel driven contraptions. A car-less culture is espoused as the better alternative for short trips because automobile traffic is avoided. One can even safely estimate a time of arrival to a destination point; something which has become difficult in a maze of vehicles entangled in traffic.

3. Reduction of noise comes with the absence of engine blare and horn blowing, all of which originate from the less-than-desirable elements of the urban setting. The more we think about the car, the more we reconcile with its negative repercussions in our lives.

4. Reduction of air pollution is guaranteed with the drop of carbon emissions which come mainly from vehicular engines. The absence of cars in any location almost equates to a guarantee of fresher air to breathe.

5. Environmental benefit comes as a consequence of the minimization of cars which rely on the burning of fuel in order to run; and on its hazardous gaseous contribution upon the environment. With less people dependent on cars and gasoline, a worthy contribution to ecological preservation is thus made possible.

6. Walking as a healthful alternative fits well with the pedestrianization agenda. In this day and age where everyone finds it difficult to allocate time to do any active exercise, walking to a destination has been accepted as worthwhile alternative.

Basic Wheel Concepts: Guide in Buying Replacement Car Wheels

Wheels are among the most vital parts in the car. They are the

ones that keep it moving and thus, they are indispensable in a

vehicle. The size and the quality of the wheels significantly

affect your ride quality and handling so always make sure they

are in perfect shape and condition. Taking care of them is a

must so as not to sacrifice your vehicle’s performance. They

also need special attention since they are closest to the road;

hence, they are exposed to a lot corrosion-causing elements.

Aside from contributing to ride quality and handling abilities,

the wheels can also make the car look better and a lot

sportier. People have always been concerned with how their

vehicles should look and thus they replace or customize some of

the parts to make it different from the rest on the road. The

wheels are among those that are often replaced to achieve their

desired appearance. Accessories are also added to the wheels,

such as the hub caps and wheels covers. These auto accessories

are designed to match the user’s various driving needs and


In buying replacement wheels

for your car, there are important things you need to know,

especially if you are new to driving. You cannot just choose

any kind of wheel in lieu of the original wheel of your car.

There are different wheel specifications for every kind of

vehicle and car model since suspension design varies from one

vehicle to another. Take note that the wheels work hand in hand

with the suspension system whose job is to keep the tires in

tight contact with the road as the vehicle turns, brakes or is

driven down the road without sacrificing comfort of the


Three aspects of the wheels are relevant to the suspension

design: wheel offset, aspect ratio, and tire width. All these

should be considered in choosing the best replacement wheels

for your vehicle.

Offset refers to the distance from the very center of the wheel

to the mounting surface of the wheel disc at the hub. Wheel

offset can be positive, negative or zero. A “0” offset means

that the mounting surface of the wheel is in the center of the

wheel. This measurement is very important in positioning the

tire. This also provides for adequate dual spacing.

Aspect ratio is the ratio between the width of the tire and the

height of its side wall. A tire specified as “205/60/15” for

example, has a width of 205mm and 60% aspect ratio. The “15”

refers to the size of the wheel to which it is fitted. You

shouldn’t buy wheels or tires with lower aspect ratio than what

is required because this will wear them out easily as ride

quality will deteriorate. However, this could also result to

more precision in turning.

You might be thinking of getting wider wheels to give your car

a racing car look. Better think about this again. While is it

true that wider wheels and tires can give your car a chunk of

gutsy looks, they can also ruin your driving satisfaction. This

is because the weight of the vehicle would not be evenly spread

over the wheel and tire width. Resistance is also increased,

thus you wheels and tires could wear out fast.

If you want to know more about car wheels, you can search for

car enthusiasts’ sites that feature different kinds of wheels

or go to the car manufacturer’s site and check out your car

model’s wheel specifications.